TIP SUPER: CARA PALING GAMPANG MENULIS RESEARCH ESSAY

Endro Dwi Hatmanto, MA

Apa sih perbedaan antara research essay dan essay biasa? Secara struktur, research essay sebenarnya sama dengan essay yang telah kita bahas sebelumnya. Bedanya cuma satu. Kalau dalam essay biasa, Anda hanya menggunakan pandangan dan pendapat Anda sendiri; Dalam research essay Anda menggunakan kutipan dari orang lain untuk mendukung gagasan Anda. Kutipan itu dapat berasal dari buku, artikel di internet ataupun artikel dari majalah dan koran.

Yang saya sarankan adalah Anda mengemukakan sebuah gagasan dalam essay Anda. Kemudian, Anda dukung dengan opini Anda dan kutipan dari buku yang telah Anda baca.

TULIS PARAGRAF PEMBUKA

Misalnya, Anda ingin menulis tentang pentingnya bahasa Inggris. Kalimat pertama Anda adalah: “English becomes the most important language for people in the world”. Inilah topic sentence Anda dalam paragraf pembuka essay Anda. Kemudian Anda teruskan dengan kalimat-kalimat selanjutnya. Apa ya kalimat selanjutnya? Pikirkan pentingnya bahasa Inggris itu untuk apa saja sih? Itulah kalimat-kalimat yang Anda tulis. Contohnya begini:

For one reason, English becomes the language of Lingua Franca for people around the world. For another reason, English has become the language used in the internet. Furthermore, English is also used for getting a good job. Most importantly, English is the language to enhance our knowledge and disseminate information.

Mari kita gabungkan topic sentence kita dengan kalimat-kalimat di atas:

English becomes the most important language for people in the world. For one reason, English becomes the language of Lingua Franca for people around the world. For another reason, English has become the language used in the internet. Furthermore, English is also used for getting a good job. Most importantly, English is the language to enhance our knowledge and disseminate information.

Tulislah kalimat akhir dalam paragraph pembukaan essay Anda. Ingat, Anda dapat menulis kalimat pertama atau topic sentence Anda dengan kalimat lain untuk Anda jadikan kalimat akhir dalam pembukaan. Contoh: “In fact, many people argue that English is the most vital language in the world”.

Yuk kita gabungkan semua,menjadi:

English becomes the most important language for people in the world. For one reason, English becomes the language of Lingua Franca for people around the world. For another reason, English has become the language used in the internet. Furthermore, English is the language to enhance our knowledge and disseminate information. Most importantly, English is also used for getting a good job. For these reasons many people argue that English is the most vital language in the world.

TULIS THE BODIES OF PARAGRAPH

Kembangkan batang tubuh paragraf Anda dala essay dari kalimat-kalimat dalam pembukaan. Ya, Anda harus menjelaskan empat hal dalam batang tubuh essay Anda, yakni; 1) English as a Lingua Franca; 2) English as an internet language; 3);English for enhancing knowledge and disseminating information; 4) English for getting a job

Yuk kita tulis:

To begin with, English can be considered as the most significant language because it is used as a lingua franca. According to Lenon (2009) a lingua franca is a language which is used to communicate by people with different language background. Indeed, English is clearly a lingua franca since it is used to communicate by people in the world. For one example, English is used in some Japanese universities as the formal language in the campus. For another example, English is also spoken by members of the United Nation. Therefore, people should be able to speak and understand English to be able to communicate with people from other countries.

Furthermore, English is also vital since it becomes the internet language. Bieber(2011) reports that English makes up 80 % of information in the internet.   This means that most of the information in the internet is written in English. For this reason, internet users should understand English if they want to benefit the existence of the internet.

Next, because of the existence of the internet language, English can also be considered as a language for knowledge enhancement and dissemination. In fact, there is abundant of information in the internet. For example, students can find many journal articles in the internet as resources for their study. Teachers can also locate a great number of teaching materials in the internet. Additionally, all people can obtain some articles to enhance their skills. By typing the keywords in the search Engine, people can improve their knowledge on management, leadership, teamwork, international language. Such practical tips as how to be an effective mother, how to be an effective speaker and other ‘how to’ knowledge is also widely provided in the internet. Due to this fact, Bell (2010) argues that everyone can be smart without school if they want to learn from the internet. Similarly, Icon (2011) also maintains that Internet becomes the greatest learning resources in the 21st century.

Finally, many people agree that English will help people to succeed in their jobs. Particularly, English is used by multinational company to interview their employee candidates and to communicate in the company. In fact, all multinational companies hold job interview in English. Those companies think that being able to communicate in English is vital since the employees will communicate in English with their colleagues from other countries. Additionally, the companies will conduct trainings for human resources development in English. Hence, “English becomes an important tool for developing employees’ career” (Hatmanto, 2010). In other words, people will less likely to be successful in developing their careers unless they master English.

Catatan:

Perhatikan cara mengutip pendapat orang lain dari buku ataupun artikel yang Anda baca. Perhatikan kalimat yang digarisbawahi. Anda dapat membuat variasi dalam mengutip. Contoh:

  • Bieber(2011) reports/says/argues/states/holds/maintains that English makes up 80% of information in the internet
  • According to Bieber (2011), English makes up 80% of information in the internet.
  • English makes up 80% of information in the internet (Bieber, 2011).

Ingat, perihal pengarang, nama yang Anda tulis adalah nama belakang pengarang.

TULIS KESIMPULAN ESSAY ANDA

Ingat, kesimpulan dalam essay = pembukaan dalam essay Anda. Namun Anda harus menulis dengan kalimat yang lain.

Yuk kita coba:

To conclude, the significance of English lies in its usefulness in the area of the world communication, the internet language, the knowledge development and tools to enhance career. Therefore, it is a must for people to master English if they want to succeed in these areas.

TULIS DAFTAR REFERENSI ANDA

Daftar referensi adalah catatan di bawah essay Anda untuk menunjukkan sejumlah buku atau karangan lain yang Anda kutip dalam essay Anda. Khusus untuk buku, lihat contoh bagaimana kita dapat menyusun daftar referensi dari essay yang telah kita tulis:

 Bell, C, 2010, Being smart with internet, Longman, New York.

Bieber, J, 2011, English and internet, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Hatmanto, ED, 2010, The Magic of Speaking English, Andi Offset, Yogyakarta.

Lenon, J, 2009, English as lingua franca, Longman, New York.

 Catatan:

Ikuti langkah-langkah menulis referensi dari buku yang Anda baca:

  • Tulis nama belakang diikuti singkatan nama depan
  • Selanjutnya tulis judul buku dicetak miring
  • Tulis penerbitan
  • Tulis nama kota tempat penerbitan
  • Urutkan nama pengarang sesuai dengan abjad

 

LIHAT BENTUK UTUH ESSAY ANDA

The Importance of English

English becomes the most important language for people in the world. For one reason, English becomes the language of Lingua Franca for people around the world. For another reason, English has become the language used in the internet. Furthermore, English is the language to enhance our knowledge and disseminate information. Most importantly, English is also used for getting a good job. For these reasons many people argue that English is the most vital language in the world.

To begin with, English can be considered as the most significant language because it is used as a lingua franca. According to Lenon (2009) a lingua franca is a language which is used to communicate by people with different language background. Indeed, English is clearly a lingua franca since it is used to communicate by people in the world. For one example, English is used in some Japanese universities as the formal language in the campus. For another example, English is also spoken by members of the United Nation. Therefore, people should be able to speak and understand English to be able to communicate with people from other countries.

Furthermore, English is also vital since it becomes the internet language. Bieber(2011) reports that English makes up 80 % of information in the internet.   This means that most of the information in the internet is written in English. For this reason, internet users should understand English if they want to benefit the existence of the internet.

Next, because of the existence of the internet language, English can also be considered as a language for knowledge enhancement and dissemination. In fact, there is abundant of information in the internet. For example, students can find many journal articles in the internet as resources for their study. Teachers can also locate a great number of teaching materials in the internet. Additionally, all people can obtain some articles to enhance their skills. By typing the keywords in the search Engine, people can improve their knowledge on management, leadership, teamwork, international language. Such practical tips as how to be an effective mother, how to be an effective speaker and other ‘how to’ knowledge is also widely provided in the internet. Due to this fact, Bell (2010) argues that everyone can be smart without school if they want to learn from the internet. Similarly, Icon (2011) also maintains that Internet becomes the greatest learning resources in the 21st century.

Finally, many people agree that English will help people to succeed in their jobs. Particularly, English is used by multinational company to interview their employee candidates and to communicate in the company. In fact, all multinational companies hold job interview in English. Those companies think that being able to communicate in English is vital since the employees will communicate in English with their colleagues from other countries. Additionally, the companies will conduct trainings for human resources development in English. Hence, “English becomes an important tool for developing employees’ career” (Hatmanto, 2010). In other words, people will less likely to be successful in developing their careers unless they master English.

To conclude, the significance of English lies in its usefulness in the area of the world communication, the internet language, the knowledge development and tools to enhance career. Therefore, it is a must for people to master English if they want to succeed in these areas.