TIPS TO WRITE AN ESSAY

By: Endro DH, MA

Who says that writing an essay is difficult? It is very easy if you follow some easy steps to write an essay. Understand the concept and apply the following strategies.

UNDERSTAND THE MEANING OF AN ESSAY

Basically, an essay is a text consisting of some paragraphs and discussing one topic. Hence, in order to be able to write an essay you have to have a good understanding of writing paragraphs.

BE FAMILIAR WITH COMPONENTS OF AN ESSAY

An essay consists of introduction which includes a thesis statement, bodies of an essay and conclusion. A thesis statement is a statement telling what you are going to write about in the bodies of your paragraph. Bodies of your paragraph explain further about your thesis statement. Conclusion is the summary of your essay.

WRITE AN INTRODUCTION AND A THESIS STATEMENT OF YOUR ESSAY           

For example, your topic of your essay is “Animal Camouflage”. You can write the introduction like this:

Animals in the wild have many natural enemies. A small bird wants to avoid being seen by a hawk, a zebra does not want the lion to find him, and a flatfish would prefer that the shark swim quietly. If an animal cannot easily run away from its predator how can it protect itself? One way that has evolved over time is protective coloring, or camouflage. Many animals find security in blending in with their environment.

WRITE THE BODIES OF AN ESSAY

The body of you essay explain the thesis statement. The thesis statement in your introduction is the underlined sentence. Hence, it is clear that in your body of paragraph, you will write about some animals’ strategies for camouflage. See the example of the following bodies of paragraph:

In birds, for example, although it is quite common for adult males to be brightly colored and very noticeable, adult females and young chicks are light brown or sand colored in  order to blend into their background and escape the sharp eyes of a predator. This coloring protects the weaker birds. For another example, the male red cardinal is like red fire engine against white snow, but you hardly ever see the females. Adopting camouflage colors helps the female birds survive and raise another generation of birds.

Many mammals have also adopted the colors of their surroundings. A zebra is almost invisible among the branches and stripes of sunlight in its native Africa because its black and white stripes mimic the shadows among the trees and bushes. A lion is very hard to see when it is sleeping on the beige sand of the plains. All these mammals have many years developing protective coloring to assist them in the struggle to survive.

Most fish are darker on top than on the bottom. From above they look like the land at the bottom of the water and from below they look like the water’s surface. An ocean mackerel, for example, is easily distinguished by this dark stripe. Some flatfish has taken this protection a step further; for example, a fish that lives on a sandy bottom has a light-brown upper side, while a flatfish that lives on a rocky bottom has an upper side that looks like pebbles. Because they look just like their surroundings, these fish survive and avoid becoming someone else’s lunch.

WRITE THE CONCLUSION

The final step is to write your conclusion. See the following example:

Looking like their environment is helpful to these animals for the survival of the species. The mother bird that is invisible among the brown leaves, the lion snoozing on the sandy plains and the fish that hides among the pebbles will live to see another day. The safety these animals find in their protective coloring has helped them survive over the ages.

PUT IT TOGETHER

You can see your final essay now !

Animals in the wild have many natural enemies. A small bird wants to avoid being seen by a hawk, a zebra does not want the lion to find him, and a flatfish would prefer that the shark swim quietly. If an animal cannot easily run away from its predator how can it protect itself? One way that has evolved over time is protective coloring, or camouflage. Many animals find security in blending in with their environment.

In birds, for example, although it is quite common for adult males to be brightly colored and very noticeable, adult females and young chicks are light brown or sand colored in  order to blend into their background and escape the sharp eyes of a predator. This coloring protects the weaker birds. For another example, the male red cardinal is like red fire engine against white snow, but you hardly ever see the females. Adopting camouflage colors helps the female birds survive and raise another generation of birds.

Many mammals have also adopted the colors of their surroundings. A zebra is almost invisible among the branches and stripes of sunlight in its native Africa because its black and white stripes mimic the shadows among the trees and bushes. A lion is very hard to see when it is sleeping on the beige sand of the plains. All these mammals have many years developing protective coloring to assist them in the struggle to survive.

Most fish are darker on top than on the bottom. From above they look like the land at the bottom of the water and from below they look like the water’s surface. An ocean mackerel, for example, is easily distinguished by this dark stripe. Some flatfish has taken this protection a step further; for example, a fish that lives on a sandy bottom has a light-brown upper side, while a flatfish that lives on a rocky bottom has an upper side that looks like pebbles. Because they look just like their surroundings, these fish survive and avoid becoming someone else’s lunch.

Looking like their environment is helpful to these animals for the survival of the species. The mother bird that is invisible among the brown leaves, the lion snoozing on the sandy plains and the fish that hides among the pebbles will live to see another day. The safety these animals find in their protective coloring has helped them survive over the ages.